A Comprehensive Guide on Canada’s Comprehensive Ranking System

Thousands of prospective immigrants apply for Canadian permanent residence through Canada’s Express Entry System each year. This system assesses applicants in a variety of ways and summarizes their qualifications and eligibility using a special points calculator called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

You can get additional CRS points for having Canadian work experience.

Let’s examine this calculator in more detail and how you can maximize your points in each area.

What is the Comprehensive Ranking System?

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) assigns a score for each applicant applying through the Express Entry System. Canadian immigration services use this score to filter out the most desirable applications that fit with the country’s current immigration needs before offering them a chance to receive Canadian permanent residence.

What Does the Comprehensive Ranking System Assess?

The Comprehensive Ranking System gives applicants points in several areas. This includes:

  • Age
  • Level of Education
  • Language Proficiency
  • Work Experience

You should note that calculating your CRS points and getting a good score does not automatically make you eligible for permanent residence through the Express Entry System. Prospective applicants can get their eligibility in each Express Entry stream here.

Points by Age

The CRS offers up to 100 points for applicants with a spouse or common-law partner, and up to 110 points for applicants without a spouse or common-law partner. The points assigned for each age in either category are displayed in the following table.

Age

Applicants that have a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

17 years of age or younger

0

0

18 years

90

99

19 years

95

105

20 to 29 years

100

110

30 years

95

105

31 years

90

99

32 years

85

94

33 years

80

88

34 years

75

83

35 years

70

77

36 years

65

72

37 years

60

66

38 years

55

61

39 years

50

55

40 years

45

50

41 years

35

39

42 years

25

28

43 years

15

17

44 years

5

6

45 years or older

0

0

Points for Education

Applicants can also receive points depending on their education level. These points are outlined below:

Education Level

Applicants that have a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

High School or Less than secondary school

0

0

High school graduation

28

30

A one-year degree, or a diploma or certificate obtained from a university, college, technical or trade school, or any other similar institute

84

90

A two-year program studied at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

91

98

A Bachelor’s degree OR a three or longer program at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

112

120

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

119

128

A Master’s degree, or a professional degree required to practice in a licensed occupation such as medicine or law.

126

135

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

140

150

Points for Language

Applications receive points for their language proficiency in their first and second official language.

First Official Language

You can receive up to 32 points in this category with a spouse or a common-law partner and 34 points without either.

The points breakdown is as follows:

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) Level score for each ability

Applicants that have a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

Less than CLB 4

0

0

CLB 4 or 5

6

6

CLB 6

8

9

CLB 7

16

17

CLB 8

22

23

CLB 9

29

31

CLB 10 or more

32

34

Second Official Language

Applicants can also receive points for their proficiency in a second official language. The point breakdown is this category is as follows:

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level score for each ability

Applicants with a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

CLB 4 or less

0

0

CLB 5 or 6

1

1

CLB 7 or 8

3

3

CLB 9 or more

6

6

Points for Canadian Work Experience

Applicants can also receive points for Canadian work experience in an occupation recognized under the right National Occupation Classification (NOC). You can learn more about NOC here.

The points breakdown for Canadian work experience is as follows:

Canadian work experience

With a spouse or common-law partner

(Maximum 70 points)

Without a spouse or common-law partner

(Maximum 80 points)

None or less than a year

0

0

1 year

35

40

2 years

46

53

3 years

56

64

4 years

63

72

5 years or more

70

80

Points for Spouse’s Education

Applicants with a spouse can gain additional points in different categories. The points breakdown for a spouse or common-law partner’s education is as follows:

Level of education for a spouse or a common-law partner.

Points

High School or Less than secondary school

0

High school graduation

2

A one-year degree, or a diploma or certificate obtained from a university, college, technical or trade school, or any other similar institute

6

A two-year program studied at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

7

A Bachelor’s degree OR a three or longer program at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

8

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

9

A Master’s degree, or a professional degree required to practice in a licensed occupation such as medicine or law.

10

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

10

Points for Spouse’s First Language

Applicants can also receive points for their spouse’s CLB score in their first official language. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level score per ability

Points

CLB 4 or less

0

CLB 5 or 6

1

CLB 7 or 8

3

CLB 9 or more

5

Points for Spouse’s Work Experience

Applicants can also receive points for their spouse’s Canadian work experience. The points breakdown in this category is as follows:

Canadian work experience for spouse or common-law partner

Points

None or less than a year

0

1 year

5

2 years

7

3 years

8

4 years

9

5 years or more

10

Points for Language Skills Transferability

Applicants can receive additional points if they possess a language proficiency of CLB 7 or higher and along with additional education. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Education level

Points for applicants with CLB 7 or higher but below CLB 9

Points for applicants with CLB 9 or higher on the four main abilities

High School or less than secondary school

0

0

A post-secondary program credential for a program that is one year or longer

13

25

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

25

50

Possessing a credential at the university master’s level or at a level that allows you to practice an occupation listed NOC Skill Level A that requires a provincial license.

25

50

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

25

50

Points for Work Skills Transferability

Applicants can also get additional points if they possess more than 1 year or more than 2 years of Canadian work experience in addition to education. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Education level

Points for applicants with 1 to 2 years of Canadian work experience

Points for applicants with 2 years or greater Canadian work experience

High School or less than secondary school

0

0

A post-secondary program credential for a program that is one year or longer

13

25

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

25

50

Possessing a credential at the university master’s level or at a level that allows you to practice an occupation listed NOC Skill Level A that requires a provincial license.

25

50

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

25

50

Points For Applicants With Foreign Work Experience Plus Good Language Proficiency

Applicants can receive additional points if they possess foreign work experience along with official language proficiency of CLB 7 or higher. The points breakdown in this category is as follows:

Years of Foreign Work Experience

Points for applicants with CLB 7 or higher but below CLB 9

Points for applicants with CLB 9 or higher on the four main abilities

0 years

0

0

1 to 2 years

13

25

3 years or more

25

50

Points For Foreign Work Experience Plus Canadian Work Experience

Applicants can receive additional points if they possess foreign work experience along with Canadian work experience. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Years of Foreign Work Experience

Points if Applicant Possesses Foreign Work Experience and 1 Year Canadian Work Experience

Points if Applicants Possesses Foreign Work Experience and 2 or more years Canadian Work Experience

0 years

0

0

1 to 2 years

13

25

3 years or more

25

50

Points for Certificate of Qualification Plus First Official Language Proficiency

Applicants who possess a certificate of qualification in a trade occupation and possess a language proficiency of CLB 5 or higher can receive additional points. The points breakdown in this category is as follows:

Applicant Possesses Certificate for Trade Occupation

Points for Certificate Plus CLB 5 to under CLB 7 for First Official Language

Points for Certificate Plus CLB 7 or Higher for First Official Language

Certificate for Trade Occupation

25

50

Points in Additional Areas

Applicants can receive points in a variety of additional areas. This includes:

  • 15 points if the applicant has a sibling that is a citizen or permanent resident residing in Canada.
  • 25 points if they scored NCLC 7 or greater on each of the four French skills while scoring CLB 4 or less on their English. Also applicable if they did not take an English test.
  • 50 points if they scored NCLC 7 or greater on each of the four French skills while scoring CLB 5 or higher in English.
  • 15 points for completing a one or two year post-secondary education credential in Canada.
  • 30 points for completing a three year or longer post-secondary education credential in Canada.
  • 200 points for having employment in NOC 00 arranged.
  • 50 points for having employment in NOC 0, A, or B arranged.
  • 600 points for getting a nomination from a province or a territory.

Calculate Your CRS Score

After reading the list above, it should be evident that the CRS relies on many different factors. You can calculate your CRS score easily by using our Express Entry Calculator tool.

A good CRS score increases your chances of receiving an invitation to apply.

Why Choose Elaar Immigration?

If you require assistance or guidance with your Express Entry application please get in touch with Elaar Immigration Consulting. We have assisted numerous prospective immigrants with their applications and can help you on your immigration journey.

Leave a Reply

× How can I help you?

Discover your Canadian immigration options. Get your free assessment now!