When it comes to immigration options, many of us are left wondering: PNP vs. Express Entry?
The answer is … it depends.
Foreign nationals interested in applying for Canadian immigration may be wondering, “Which is better, PNP or Express Entry?”. This guide will summarise each system and compare them side by side.
What is the Express Entry System?
The Express Entry System is the primary immigration system set up by the Canadian Federal Government. It includes three immigration programs designed to provide permanent residence for skilled foreign immigrants.
These programs are:
How Does the Express Entry System Work?
The Express Entry System assesses candidates using a points-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System. This CRS system assigns points based on your age, work experience, education, and adaptability.
People who are eligible to apply through one of the Express Entry programs mentioned above will be added to a special candidate pool once their points are added up.
These candidates may then receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) when Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) conducts a draw whose minimum points threshold is below their CRS score.
Applicants will then need to gather the relevant documents and pay their fees to complete their permanent resident application. This entire application process takes around six months.
What is the Provincial Nominee Program System?
The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) system refers to a set of immigration programs created and operated by Canada’s various provinces and territories.
These provinces and territories have made immigration agreements with the Federal Government to help them attract foreign workers who can join their workforce and help grow their local economy. There are currently over 80 provincial nominee programs.
The vast majority of these are designed to bring in foreigners who meet the province or territory requirements. This includes people with specialized skills, investment potential, or Canadian post-secondary education credentials.
How Do the Provincial Nominee Programs Work?
The Provincial Nominee Programs are divided into those that work independently and those that work with the Express Entry System.
Both systems usually assess candidates’ work experience, language skills, and education. They may also need a specific minimum net worth and/or a job offer to qualify for the program.
Applying for PNP Without Express Entry
Prospective foreigners who wish to apply for PNP without using Express Entry can use a paper-based process. This requires them to first ask the province or territory for a nomination via an application.
If they meet the program’s minimum eligibility requirements, the province or territory may contact and notify them about their nomination.
These applicants may then submit their applications and receive Canadian permanent resident status. Following this, applicants will need to complete a police clearance check and a medical exam and submit any additional documents the province or territory requests.
Related Topic: How to Get a Job Offer from Outside Canada?
Applying for PNP Without Express Entry
Applicants who intend to use the PNP with the Express Entry System can use one of two routes:
Express Entry PNP Route #1
The PNP applicants must first get in touch with the province or territory they intend to move to and express their interest in obtaining an Express Entry Stream nomination. If the province agrees to nominate the applicant, they must create an online Express Entry profile and offer proof they were nominated.
Express Entry PNP Route #2
In the second method, the PNP applicant must start by setting up an Express Entry Profile. They must then inform the country’s various provinces and territories they are interested in immigrating.
Provinces or territories who respond to this request will express a “notification of interest”. This notification will be added to the Express Entry Profile the applicant created earlier.
The candidate can then contact the province or territory directly and apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry Stream. If successful, the candidate will receive their permanent residence nomination via their account.
PNP vs. Express Entry: Which is Better?
Foreigners who wish to learn about Canada’s various immigration programs often ask, “Is PNP better or Express Entry?”.
There is no general answer to this simple question, as the answer will depend on different factors. However, we can examine PNP vs. Express Entry in different ways.
The table below summarizes some of these differences between PNP and Express Entry.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
|Programs are run by||Provincial or Territory Government||Federal Government|
|Type of Points System used||Eligibility Points Grid (Varies by Province)||Comprehensive Ranking System|
|Ways to apply||Two (Without or Without Express Entry)||One|
|Job Offer Requirement||Yes (With Exceptions For a Few Programs)||No|
|Can live anywhere in Canada||No (If you move to another province, you may lose your PR status)||Yes|
|Application Processing Time||4 to 6 Months (for PNPs that are Express Entry Aligned)|
15 to 19 Months (for PNPs that are Non-Express Entry Aligned)
|4 to 6 Months|
|Total Application Fees||CAD $250 to 3,500 Depending on the Program||CAD $1,365|
Pros and Cons of Express Entry
The Pros of Express Entry include:
No Job Offer Requirement
You can apply for Canadian immigration through one of the Express Entry programs even if you do not have a job offer from a Canadian employer. However, you may be required to possess a job offer if you do not possess enough funds to support yourself and any of your family members accompanying you to Canada.
High chance of selection if you have the right skills and background
You can get ahead of other candidates in the Express Entry pool if you possess the right skills and background. For example, you will receive more points if you have extensive work experience, good English and/or French language skills, higher education credentials, and adaptability factors such as siblings residing in Canada.
Fast Processing Times
Most Express Entry applications are processed within just 4 to 6 months.
Living Anywhere in Canada
You are free to live in any Canadian province or territory once you obtain permanent resident status through the Express Entry system.
The cons of Express Entry include:
Limited Number of Programs
The Express Entry system contains only three Federal programs. Therefore, your chances of immigrating through the Express Entry system are relatively limited.
Tens of thousands of people apply through these three programs each year, which also makes them incredibly competitive.
May Require a Job Offer
As mentioned earlier, you don’t need a job offer to apply for one of the Federal Programs under Express Entry. However, candidates can receive additional points if they possess a job offer from a Canadian employer. Such candidates will have a higher CRS score and will receive preference during Express Entry draws.
Pros and Cons of PNP
Some of the pros of applying through the PNPs include:
A Large Number of Programs
There are over 80 provincial nominee programs to choose from. This means people who don’t qualify for any of the Federal Express Entry programs may be able to find a PNP they are eligible for.
More Ways to Apply
People who apply through the PNPs also get the option of using an Express Entry aligned application process. If they are successful, they can get 600 additional CRS points which will help fast-track them for permanent residence through Express Entry.
Some of the cons of PNP include:
People who immigrate to Canada through PNPs are required to live in the province or territory that nominates them for a certain length of time. These new immigrants are not allowed to move to other provinces or territories during this period. This is the most significant difference between PNP and Express Entry.
Potentially High Fees
The application fees for some PNPs exceed the Express Entry fees by a wide margin. For example, the application fee for the British Columbia Entrepreneur Immigration program is CAD $3,500.
Potentially Long Processing Times
People who use the non-Express Entry aligned PNPs will face long processing times between 15 to 19 months. This is far longer than the 4 to 6 months it normally takes Express Entry Applicants.
Need help with PNP or Express Entry?
As you can see, understanding the difference between Express Entry and PNP can be complicated due to many factors. You can get in touch with our experts if you require help with choosing the correct immigration route.
Our specialized Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants are familiar with each PNP and Express Entry difference. It can recommend the program that offers you the best chance of immigrating to Canada. Contact us today to start the Canadian immigration process.