A Step-by-Step Guide to Getting a Canada PR Visa

Discover the process of obtaining a Canada PR visa with our easy-to-follow step-by-step guide. Learn about eligibility, language requirements, and application process.

Many people strive to obtain Canadian permanent residence and settle in the country. Getting PR status allows you to stay in Canada permanently and enjoy Government-provided healthcare benefits. You can also study at Canadian Colleges and Universities and pay local tuition fees offered to Canadians.

If you’re planning to apply for a Canadian PR visa in the near future, you might be wondering what steps to follow. In this guide, we will break down each step in the PR application process.

What is a Canada PR Visa?

The Canadian Permanent Residence or Canada PR Visa is a special immigration status granted to people who successfully meet IRCC’s requirements. It is a legal document that allows foreign nationals to live, work, and study in Canada on a permanent basis.

It provides a pathway to citizenship and offers a range of benefits, including access to social services, employment opportunities, and a high standard of living. Obtaining a Canada PR visa involves meeting certain eligibility criteria and going through a rigorous application process.

Once obtained, it opens up a world of possibilities and enables individuals to build a new life in one of the most multicultural and diverse countries in the world.

Canada PR Visa Pathways

Eligibility Criteria for Canada PR Visa

The eligibility criteria for obtaining a Canada PR visa can vary depending on the immigration program you are applying under. Here is a general overview of the eligibility criteria for the most common immigration programs:

1. Express Entry Programs (FSWP, FSTP, and CEC)

To be eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, or Canadian Experience Class under the Express Entry system, you must:

Federal Skilled Worker Program: This Express Entry program is suited for prospective immigrants who possess at least one year of work experience in occupations that fall under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3.

Candidates who score at least 67 points out of 100 in these six selection factors will be eligible to apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. However, it’s important to note that meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee a Canada PR visa.

Federal Skilled Trades Program: The Federal Skilled Trades Program is another Express Entry program designed for people with the right work experience. This one targets professionals with work experience in less-skilled trades including Carpenters, Electricians, Welders, Heavy-duty equipment mechanics, Industrial electricians, Plumbers, Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics, Bakers, Butchers, and other occupations under the TEER 2 or TEER 3 of NOC 2021.

Prospective immigrants often opt for this program if they lack the education credentials, language proficiency, or skilled work history required for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.

Canadian Experience Class Program: The Canadian Experience Class is an Express Entry program designed for candidates who possess at least one year of Canadian work experience. This program is especially popular with International students who gained work experience in Canada under a post-graduate work permit after completing their studies.

2. Provincial Nominee Programs

People who aren’t eligible to apply for Canadian permanent residence through Express Entry can look into one of the dozens of Provincial Nominee Programs out there. Every Canadian province has immigration programs designed to help it meet critical labor storages or encourage foreign investment.

A quick glance at PNPs reveals that there are many programs designed to target people who would like to start or purchase Canadian businesses, have work experience in specific fields, or have previously studied in Canada.

Consider applying to one of these PNPs if you don’t qualify for the Federal Express Entry programs.

A Complete Guide: Provincial Nominee Programs

3. Canada PR through Business Immigration

This category is designed for individuals who wish to start or invest in a business in Canada. There are different programs available, such as the Entrepreneur Start-Up Visa Program, the Self-Employed Persons Program, and other Canada Investment Visa Programs, each with specific requirements and eligibility criteria.

Eligibility criteria for business immigration programs can vary depending on the program. In general, you must:

  • Have a minimum net worth and investment funds (for most programs)
  • Have business management or ownership experience
  • Be able to create or maintain jobs in Canada
  • Receive a positive assessment from a designated organization

4. Family Sponsorship

Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their family members, including spouses or common-law partners, dependent children, parents and grandparents, to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents. The sponsorship process involves demonstrating a genuine relationship and meeting various eligibility criteria. To be eligible for family sponsorship, you must:

  • Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident
  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Meet the minimum income requirements
  • Be able to provide financial support for your sponsored family member
  • Have a genuine relationship with your sponsored family member

A Complete Guide: Family Sponsorship

apply for canada pr visa

Ready to apply for a Canada PR Visa?

Book a consultation with our experts to receive personalized guidance and support throughout the application process.

Book a consultation

Other Canada PR Visa Programs

There are other ways to obtain a Canada PR besides the Express Entry system and provincial nominee programs. Here are some additional options:

  1. Caregivers Program: This program is designed for individuals who have experience working in Canada as a caregiver, such as a nanny, a home support worker, or a caregiver for people with high medical needs. Eligible candidates can apply for permanent residency under the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or the Home Support Worker Pilot.
  2. Quebec Skilled Worker Program: This program is designed for skilled workers who wish to settle in Quebec, the only province in Canada with a French-speaking majority. The program uses a points-based system to assess candidates based on various factors, including education, work experience, language proficiency, age, and other criteria.
  3. Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program: This program is designed for employers in the Atlantic provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island) who are looking to hire skilled workers from abroad. The program offers a faster and more streamlined pathway to Canada PR for eligible candidates who have a job offer in one of the designated occupations.
  4. Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement: Canada has a long-standing commitment to helping refugees and those in need of humanitarian protection. Refugees and those seeking asylum may be eligible for permanent residency in Canada through the Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program.
  5. Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot: This program is designed for skilled workers who wish to settle in rural or northern communities in Canada. The program is community-driven, meaning that employers and local communities play a significant role in selecting and sponsoring candidates for permanent residency.
  6. Agri-Food Pilot: This pilot program is designed for temporary foreign workers who are working in the agri-food sector and wish to become permanent residents of Canada. The program is open to workers in specific occupations, such as meat processing, mushroom production, greenhouse crop production, and livestock raising.
  7. Global Talent Stream: This program is designed to help Canadian employers attract and hire skilled foreign workers in certain high-demand occupations, such as software engineering, artificial intelligence, and digital media. The program offers a streamlined application process and faster processing times for eligible candidates.

How To Apply For Your Canadian PR?

The Canadian PR visa process varies depending on the program you have chosen. The application process for a Canada PR visa can be complex, but with careful preparation and attention to detail, it can be a smooth and successful process. Here are the general steps to follow:

Step 1: Determine your eligibility

The first step is to complete the “Six Selection Factors” assessment and verify that you meet the selection criteria to apply for the Express Entry program. You can complete this assessment online in just 15 minutes.

This may involve taking a language test, having your educational credentials assessed, and demonstrating work experience.

Step 2: Gather the required documents

You must then gather the documents required to apply for your program. You won’t need to submit most of these documents until you receive an official Invitation to Apply (ITA). However, it is best to get a headstart on this process as some documents can take several weeks or even months to obtain.

You will need to gather a number of documents to support your application, including identification documents, language test results, educational credentials, work experience letters, and other supporting documentation.

Once you have gathered the appropriate documents, you must get the ones that aren’t in English translated.

Step 3: Create Your Express Entry Profile

Next, you must create an Express Entry Profile on the Government of Canada website. Create an online account and complete the application form, paying close attention to the instructions and ensuring that all required fields are completed.

The information you enter in your profile must be accurate and up-to-date. Consider reaching out to a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant for guidance, as they will be able to help you fill out each section accurately.

Step 4: Pay Application Fees

There are fees associated with applying for a Canada PR visa, which vary depending on the program you are applying for. You will need to pay these fees online using a credit card.

Step 5: Submit the Application Package

Once your application form and supporting documents are complete, you can submit the package online or by mail to the appropriate visa office. Ensure that you have included all required documents and that your application package is complete and error-free.

Step 6: Wait to Receive Your Invitation to Apply (ITA)

Next, you must wait for IRCC to complete its Express Entry draws. If your CRS score is higher than the minimum points threshold for a draw, you will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Step 7: Biometrics, Medical Exam and Police Clearance Certificate

Biometrics, which involves fingerprinting and a digital photo, are required for most visa applications. You will receive instructions on how to provide biometrics once your application is submitted.

If required, you will need to undergo a medical exam by an approved physician at a medical facility recognized by IRCC to ensure that you meet Canada’s health requirements.

You may be required to obtain a police certificate from your home country or any other country you have lived in for more than six months. Instructions on how to obtain this certificate will be provided by the visa office.

Step 8: Submit Your PR Application

You can now complete and submit your PR application along with supporting documents. This step is critical and you must ensure all the information you provide is complete and up-to-date.

Step 9: Wait for Your Confirmation of Permanent Residence

If IRCC selects you for permanent residence, they will send you a Confirmation of Permanent Residence as well as a permanent residence visa. You are then free to enter Canada and settle in the country.

Processing times for a Canada PR visa vary depending on the program and the visa office processing your application. It’s important to check the current processing times on the official Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website.

canada pr visa process

Curious about the Canada PR Visa Process?

Book a consultation with our experts to learn more about the application process, eligibility criteria, and required documents for obtaining a Canada PR Visa.

Book a consultation

Is There An Age Limit for Canadian Permanent Resident Visa?

There is no Canada PR visa age limit. However, you will get fewer CRS points on your Express Entry profile for each year past the age of 30. If you are a middle-aged or senior applicant, you might not score enough CRS points to receive an Invitation to Apply. In this situation, you should consider looking into the Provincial Nominee Programs.

Canada PR Visa Fees

You will need to pay any fees when completing the Canada PR process. The fee types and amounts for Express Entry applicants are given below.

  • Educational Credential Assessment Fee: $200 + Additional Courier Delivery Fees
  • PR Application Fee: $850 Processing Fee + $515 Right of Permanent Residence Fee
  • Biometrics Fee: $85
  • Language Exam Fees: Varies based on location
  • Medical Exam fees: Varies based on location
  • Police Clearance Certificate Fees: Varies based on location

If you’re applying through one of the Provincial Nominee Programs, you will also need to pay the application fee for your specific province. The PNPs and their corresponding Canada PR visa fees are listed below.

  • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP): $1150
  • Ontario Immigration Nominee Program (OINP): $1500
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP): $500
  • Saskatchewan Immigration Nominee Program (SINP): $350
  • Quebec Skilled Workers Program (QSWP): $869

After Receiving a Canada PR Visa

After receiving a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR), the first thing you should do is book your flight to Canada. You should also inform the immigration authorities of your arrival date and address in Canada.

Once you arrive in Canada, you will need to show your COPR and other documents to a border services officer. The officer will then verify your information and grant you permanent resident status.

As a permanent resident, you have the right to live, work, and study in Canada indefinitely. You can also access Canada’s social benefits, such as healthcare and education. However, you must also fulfill certain responsibilities, such as paying taxes and obeying Canadian laws.

To settle in Canada, it’s important to find a place to live, enroll your children in school (if applicable), and obtain a Social Insurance Number (SIN) for employment purposes. You can also explore various settlement services offered by the government, such as language classes and job search assistance.

Finding a job in Canada can be challenging, especially if you are not familiar with the job market. However, there are many resources available to help you, such as online job boards and employment agencies. It’s also important to network with people in your industry and attend job fairs.

Finally, integrating into Canadian society involves embracing the country’s diverse culture and customs. You can participate in local events and festivals, volunteer in your community, and make new friends. By doing so, you can create a fulfilling and meaningful life in Canada as a permanent resident.

Frequently Asked Questions: Canada PR Visa

1. Can I apply for a Canada PR Visa without a job offer?

Yes, you can apply for a Canada PR Visa without a job offer. The Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, and Canadian Experience Class are three immigration programs that don’t require a job offer. However, having a job offer can increase your chances of being selected for immigration.

2. What happens if my Canada PR Visa application is rejected?

If your Canada PR Visa application is rejected, you can appeal the decision or reapply. The reasons for your application’s rejection will be communicated to you, and you can work on improving those areas before reapplying.

Learn more about Canada PR Rejection Reasons here.

3. Can I bring my family with me when I immigrate to Canada?

Yes, you can bring your family with you when you immigrate to Canada. Your spouse, common-law partner, and dependent children can be included in your Canada PR Visa application. Once you become a permanent resident of Canada, your family can enjoy the same benefits and rights as you.

4. Is there an age limit for applying for a Canada PR Visa?

There is no specific age limit for applying for a Canada PR Visa. However, age is one of the factors considered in the selection process. Applicants who are between the ages of 18 and 35 usually score the highest in the Comprehensive Ranking System.

5. Do I need to know French or English to apply for a Canada PR Visa?

Yes, you need to know French or English to apply for a Canada PR Visa. The language proficiency test is mandatory for all immigration programs that require a language test. The Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) is used to assess language skills, and the minimum score required depends on the immigration program.

6. How can I improve my chances of getting a Canada PR Visa?

You can improve your chances of getting a Canada PR Visa by having a high Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, which is based on factors such as education, work experience, language proficiency, and age. Other ways to improve your chances include obtaining a job offer, obtaining a provincial nomination, and having a strong education and work history.

7. Can I apply for Canadian citizenship after obtaining a Canada PR Visa?

Yes, you can apply for Canadian citizenship after obtaining a Canada PR Visa. However, you must have lived in Canada for at least three out of the past five years and meet other eligibility requirements, such as passing a citizenship test and demonstrating proficiency in English or French.

Canada PR for IT Professionals

Looking to immigrate to Canada as an IT professional?

Discover the various immigration programs available for IT professionals. Learn more.

Canada PR by Investment

Interested in obtaining Canada PR through investment?

Explore the investment options available to foreign nationals seeking permanent residency in Canada. Learn more…

Ready to apply for Canada PR Visa?

Let us help you navigate the Canada PR Visa process and increase your chances of success.