FSWP or FSTP – Which Canadian Immigration program is the best fit for you?

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The Federal Skilled Worker (FSWP) and the Federal Skilled Trades Programs (FSTP) are the two well-known immigration programs for Canada. Both the programs are a part of the Express Entry system along with the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

The two Canadian immigration programs, i.e. Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), may be confusing for most applicants who do not understand the similarities and differences between the two. This blog would help you understand both the programs closely and determine which one is the best fit for you.


Individuals will, in general, combine these two programs. There is a difference in the eligibility criteria of the federal skilled worker (FSW) and that of the federal skilled trades (FST) program. The immigration procedure for preparing the two programs’ application is electronic and depends on a point-based system. As these programs are part of Express Entry, applicants who rank higher in the comprehensive ranking system (CRS) are issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canada PR.

For obtaining the Canada PR, one must qualify for the federal skilled worker points system. The federal skilled eligibility criteria include the applicant’s education, work experience, and language requirements.

Now some of you may ask what Express Entry Pool is? The applicants who are willing to move to Canada make an online profile. If they qualify for one of Canada’s immigration programs, they enter the Express Entry Pool.

In the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), an individual must have –

  • At least 12 months’ work experience in the last ten years.
  • Only paid work is considered, and voluntary or unpaid work is not considered.
  • The job has to belong to one of the NOC skill levels 0, A or B.

If you did an all-day work, it must be equivalent to 30 hours of the week for a year, equal to 1,560 hours consistently. If it was a part-time job, it should be 15 hours out of each week for two years, equivalent to 1,560 hours. If one qualifies these requirements, he/she would be able for the federal skilled worker points system.

Whereas, in Federal Skills Trade Program (FSTP), the necessities are referenced underneath –

  • You should plan to live anyplace in Canada except for Quebec.
  • You should meet the necessary level of language requirement either in English or French.
  • You should have two years of full time or equivalent measure of part-time experience in the five years before applying under Express Entry.
  • You should meet the job requirements as it is mentioned in NOC.
  • You should have a full-time employment offer for at least one year.

As a candidate, you must show that you precisely performed the responsibilities at your job, as mentioned in the National Occupation Classification (NOC) list. If you neglect to show the obligations and experience for the employment you did as it is mentioned in the NOC, your immigration application won’t be acknowledged.

Similarities – Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

  • Can apply under Express Entry System (If you meet all eligibility criteria).
  • Having an employment offer is not a must but will definitely increase your score and chances to rank high in the draw pool.
  • No age barrier (If you are aged more than 47, you do not earn CRS points).
  • Submit proof of funds (Can score extra for adaptability/how can you manage to settle in Canada).
  • Can apply to work and reside in the province (Expect Quebec as Quebec has its skilled worker program).

Differences – Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

Criteria FSWP FSTP
Language Skills  For the first language minimum level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) and Niveaux de Competence Linguistique Canadien (NCLC) is 7, whereas, for the second language, it should be Level 5. For first or second language, the minimum level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) should be Level 4 for Reading and Writing and level 5 for Speaking and Listening.
Education Certificate, Degree or Diploma from Canadian secondary or post-secondary institution; or Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) from a designated organization of your secondary or post-secondary institution (outside of Canada). No education requirements, but having one can improve your CRS score and rank in the Express Entry system pool (therefore, one needs to have an ECA).
Work Experience  Minimum of 1-year full-time, uninterrupted work experience in the last ten years under-skilled occupation skill level A or B or skill type 0; or Canadian job offer following the Labour Impact Assessment criteria Minimum of 2 years of full-time, uninterrupted work experience in the last ten years under one of the following groups:
• Major Group 72 – Electrical, construction, industrial trades
• Major Group 73: maintenance and equipment operation trades
• Major Group 82 – supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
• Major Group 92 – processing, manufacturing and utility supervisors and central control operators
• Minor Group 632 – chefs and cooks
• Minor Group 633 – butchers and bakers

If you need additional information about the Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Federal Skilled Trades Program or are willing to apply for it, you can connect with Elaar Immigration for all your Canada immigration necessities. Our group of committed and licensed Canada immigration consultants will guide you in the right direction as per your unique situation.

business visa canada

Five Simple Steps to Get Your Canada Business Visa

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It is broadly accepted that Canada is one of the top ten most preferred nations to start a business. The country provides the right business environment without any red tape, a steady government, and a wealth of resources that act as a catalyst to start or buy an existing business venture. Suppose you might want to secure your future and move to Canada with your business project. In that case, you have a few Entrepreneur and Canada Investor Visa choices such as the Start-up Visa Program, Self-Employed Persons Program and various business visa programs offered by different provinces. If your business immigration application is successful, you and your family can move to Canada together.

Canada is watching out for newcomers who have the enterprising experience, the ability, and the advancement to begin, manage or buy a business in the nation. With a new foreign venture, Canada can guarantee the achievement of its economy through expansion and advancement.

According to the IRCC’s definition, a business visitor is an individual who enters Canada to set-up foreign business activities without directly entering the labour market of Canada. The Canada investor visa helps to increase the Canadian economy and opens up job prospects for the local Canadian and permanent resident candidates. Let us investigate the steps for acquiring a Canada investor visa.

business visa canada

Are you Eligible for a Canada Investor Visa?

The primary step is to look at the prerequisites you should meet for the business visa that intrigues you. Several streams are leading to business immigration to Canada. The New Brunswick Entrepreneur Stream will have different criteria in comparison to the BC PNP Entrepreneur Immigration program. Usually, the most significant variable has to do with the measure of investment or trade you’re bringing into the nation.

Bigger financial territories and provinces will probably require a higher investment or trade consideration for obtaining a Canada business visa. Contingent upon the province’s necessities, or Canada in general, certain sectors, industries or areas of the venture will be fascinating than others.

When thinking about the criteria of individual business immigration programs, you should, in every case, recheck the fundamental prerequisites for any visitor to Canada. There is an assortment of ineligibilities recorded that bar anyone, paying little attention to financial status, from entering the nation. These and other widespread prerequisites ought to likewise be considered before you start the business immigration process.

Which Canada Business Immigration Program Best Suits Me?

After you’ve gained knowledge about the business immigration alternatives and if you’re keen on applying for a Canada business immigration program, you have to pick the stream that turns out best for the sort of business that you intend to venture into Canada. Choosing the business stream that coordinates your skill will improve the chances of your application being considered.

Another significant thing to observe is those enterprises that Canada and its provinces and territories strive to develop. Generally, an innovative industry is welcome over the land and education, medical care, and skilled work.

If you apply for Canada Investor Visa and plan to settle in Nova Scotia for the lobster fishery industry, there’s a high possibility that this sector will be less responsive.

What Paperwork is Required?

Maybe the tiresome part of the Canada business immigration is all the documentation work that is expected to demonstrate which highlights you meet the different prerequisites of the business immigration stream through which you’re applying.

With comprehensive financial statements, business strategies and other budgetary data, you’ll have to complete various forms and get ready to pay the amount for your application. At last, the government provided ID should likewise be submitted. With it, you need to submit evidence of experience and any certificates, degrees or declarations that make your application strong.

It’s a smart thought to give yourself a lot of time to gather all the required documentation and search over the papers to guarantee there aren’t any exclusions or errors that could risk your application. Additionally, ensure that you save duplicates for yourself because you must have the backup if anything gets lost.

What about the Deadlines and Application Format?

Once you decide the business immigration pathway to apply for a Canada business visa, you need to check the deadlines to ensure your Canada business visa application remains valid.

Watch that you have arranged every document in the right order before submitting the application. A few snippets of data may just be submitted on the web. These incorporate both instalment of expenses and the documentation work itself.

When can one obtain a Visa or eTA?

When your application has been approved successfully, you’ll have to get ready to enter Canada and acquire an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA).

At times, you’ll additionally need to apply for a visa. Both of these documents must be submitted to an official while entering the nation, who will confirm your capacity to enter the country for business immigration reasons.

We are happy to serve you!

Canada immigration is turning out to be a highly opted immigration in recent years. Numerous people are leaving their country and are entering Canada to gain Canada PR. Gaining Canada PR will –

  • Improve your standard of living
  • Experience a steady and stable political environment
  • Better quality of life for children
  • Open jobs opportunities
  • Experience better healthcare facilities
  • Experience better educational facilities

Are you looking to obtain a Canada business visa? Our experts will guide you by providing every minute details about the Canada business immigration process. At Elaar Immigration, our expert team help the clients discover the best Canada immigration pathway based on their personal credentials and situation. We are up-to-date with the latest immigration policies and laws, which helps us guide you better.


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IRCC Issues New Guidelines for ‘Dual Intent’ for Overseas Spousal Sponsorship Applicants

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The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) declared its new guidelines for dual intent on 30th October 2020. The news was about dual intent program delivery instructions for partners and spouses who have applied or may apply for Canada PR as a sponsored partner or spouse. According to Canadian immigration law, dual intent refers to the foreign nationals who can seek temporary residence and permanent residence in Canada at the same time. The news explains what factors the immigration officers will undergo while accessing the sponsored spouses’ dual intent application. Dual intent is also applicable to the individuals who have applied for TRV.

Dual intent is available when an individual has applied or may apply for Canada PR. It also applies to enter Canada for a specific duration on a temporary visa as a student, visitor, or temporary worker.

canada immigration

More clear rules for dual intent will probably help many existing students, visitors, and temporary worker who is willing to make Canada their home by gaining Canada PR, especially given the way that numerous Canadian immigration programs (programs to obtain Canada PR) reward people who have a Canadian degree or work experience in Canada.

If the Canadian immigration official has concerns or questions about the candidate’s dual intent application, the official must make the candidate aware of these worries. After this, they can offer the candidate a chance to react to the worries. If temporary residence application is not approved, the official will furnish the candidate with a letter clarifying why the application is rejected.

In evaluating an application for temporary residence, immigration officials are told to consider different factors such as:

  • The total duration that an individual will spend in Canada;
  • Means of support;
  • Commitments and ties to the nation of origin;
  • The reason to stay in Canada;
  • The credibility and validity of documents, reports and data submitted;
  • Past consistence with prerequisites of the IRPA and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) that apply to temporary residents (students, visitors, and workers), and data accessible in biometric and biographic information sharing.

If the temporary resident candidates do not show that they have the aim of leaving Canada, and the official just considers their objective to reside in Canada by obtaining Canada PR, their application will not be approved. Regardless of whether the candidate may consequently fit for Canadian Experience Class (CEC) or a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). The purpose behind this, IRCC says, is because the candidate has not demonstrated that they would regard the terms of temporary residence, should they be not fit for obtaining Canada PR.

Canada immigration officials will utilize their judgment on applications with dual intent; however, the Global Case Management System notes should unmistakably exhibit the official’s thinking while applying. At the end of the day, if dual intent was considered a component of choice on the application, it should be written in the candidate’s file.

Having two purposes — one for temporary residence and one for permanent residence — is authentic. Canada’s IRCC states: “An aim by a foreign national to obtain Canada PR does not disqualify them from becoming a temporary resident if the Canadian immigration official is contented that they will leave Canada by the end of the period authorized for their stay.”

canada economy

Canada announces its 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan

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On 30th October 2020, the Canadian Government announced its 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan. Canada aims to add more heads under Canada PR – 401,000 immigrants in 2021, 411,000 immigrants in 2022, and 421,000 immigrants in 2023. In Canada’s immigration history, this is the second time Canada aims to target the highest level of immigrants.

Back in the year 1913, Canada targeted about 400,000 immigrants and welcomed nearly 401,000 newcomers. After achieving this massive number of immigrants in the 1900s, Canada aims to add more immigrants. As stated by E.L. Mendicino, the Minister of Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada, Canada is a safe country that welcomes immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees. Immigrants entering Canada bring their culture and heritage and use their talent, perspectives, and ideas in nurturing Canada.

canada economy

Canada relies on immigration to increase and sustain its economy and increase the nation’s population. Few individuals enter Canada for temporary stay under temporary foreign workers visas, visitor visas, or to study in the country under a Canada study permit. Irrespective of their status to reside in Canada, they all contribute to increasing Canada’s economy by utilizing different sectors’ services.

As per the prediction, by the 2030s, Canada’s population growth will entirely rely on immigration. The immigration target set for 2020-2022 was to welcome 341,000 new immigration. Unfortunately, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the figures were impacted, and the total number of newcomers was affected. To compensate for these figures, the Canadian Government introduced 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plans, which is viewed as the most ambitious immigration target in Canada immigration history.

2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan

Immigrant Category















Federal High Skilled [FSWP, FSTP, CEC]




Federal Business [Start-up Visa Program and the Self-employed Persons Program]




AFP, RNIP, Caregivers












Quebec Skilled Workers and Business Between 26,500 to 31,200 CSQ’s to be issued To be determined To be determined
Total Economic




Family Spouses, Partners and Children




Parents and Grandparents




Total Family




Total Refugees and Protected Persons




Total Humanitarian and Other





Short forms used in above table

Full Forms

FSWP Federal Skilled Worker Program
FSTP Federal Skilled Trades Program
CEC Canadian Experience Class
AFP Agri-Food Pilot
RNIP Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
AIPP Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
CSQ Certificate de selection du Quebec

2021-2023 Canada’s Immigration Levels Plan is developed based on the Covid-19 pandemics situation and its consequences on Canada PR’s admission. The 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan aims to bolster the Canadian economy by filling job vacancies created due to border closed after the Covid-19 pandemic.

One in three Canadians is an immigrant as Canada regularly welcomes newcomers. It marked a population growth with an increase of 1.4% in 2018 and 2019. More than 80 percent of the population growth was due to immigration.

Why Canada values Immigration?

Canada welcomes newcomers to increase its economy. Canada’s population incorporates a more ageing population, and Canada also faces a low birth rate. Canada’s 18 percent population belongs to people aged above 65 years. The country faces the lowest birth rates at 1.47 birth per woman. With these statistics, Canada will face adverse economic problems shortly. Welcoming newcomers to support the economy by working in different sectors, international students who contribute to the educational sector and visitors who contribute to the travel and tourism sector will increase the Canadian economy, which can solve these challenges.

If you are looking for Canada immigration, do not hesitate to contact the regulated Canada immigration consultants at Elaar Immigration.

study in canada

Canada welcomes International Students as DLI’s submit the COVID-19 Readiness Plan

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Are you willing to study in Canada? If yes, we have a piece of exciting news for you. From 20th October 2020, Canada opened its doors for international students. It means if you are coming to study in Canada, your institution must have a Covid-19 readiness plan in place, which will exempt you from travel restrictions. Provincial health officials must approve the Covid-19 readiness plan of your institute before you travel.

Regardless of your country of origin, this change is for all the international studies willing to study in Canada. Make sure even if you receive the Canada study permit, you don’t make travel plans until you have qualified all the essential requirements, and your institute has an approval letter from provincial health officials.

study in canada

Designated Learning Institutions (DLI) can now accept international students irrespective of when the student acquired the Canada study permit. DLI’s are universities, colleges, and other educational institutions having the Government’s approval to welcome international students.

Until now, only students having a valid study permit were allowed to travel as of 18th March 2020, when the Government imposed travel restrictions in Canada.

For entering Canada as a student, you have to qualify the following requirements –

  • One should have a valid Canada study permit or a letter of acceptance from a University/College to apply for the Canada student visa.
  • One has to attend a Designated Learning Institutions (DLI), approved for the Covid-19 readiness plan authorized by the provincial health officials.

If you submit all the essential documents and if the name of your DLI is on the approved list, IRCC will approve your application. IRCC will not consider a student’s application if –

  • Your course/program is suspended
  • Your course/program is cancelled
  • You are entering Canada for another reason other than study

The students entering Canada for study purposes will be considered non-optional and non-discretionary if they are admitted to DLI having a Covid-19 readiness plan. With students, the immediate family member, either it can be dependent, spouse or common-law partner, legal guardian, or parent, may be allowed to travel to Canada if their reason to travel is non-discretionary or non-optional. These members cannot enter Canada before the student. The member travelling will have to undergo 14 days quarantine period after entering Canada along with the student.

The DLI’s Covid-19 readiness plan includes a strategic plan that describes how the quarantine period for students is planned, incorporating the student’s transportation arrangement to the quarantine center. The plan must specify how students can get medicine, food, and health insurance during their quarantine period. If you have any doubts regarding the Covid-19 readiness plan, you can contact your institution directly.

Only students whose institute name is in the approved DLI’s list can travel to Canada. Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) say it will add more names to the list once the provincial health officials approve the institution’s Covid-19 readiness plan.

The DLI’s Covid-19 readiness plan is undertaken to protect international students’ safety. Currently, a letter of support is not mandatory to submit, but few institutions are providing it. Below is a list of the Canadian institutions that have received approval after submitting the Covid-19 readiness plan.

Alberta – Only post-secondary schools mentioned below have received approval to accept international students.

  • Bow Valley College
  • Concordia University of Edmonton
  • Keyano College
  • Lakeland College
  • Lethbridge College
  • MacEwan University
  • Medicine Hat College
  • Mount Hat College
  • NorQuest College
  • Olds College
  • Red Deer College
  • Southern Alberta Institute of Technology
  • University of Lethbridge

British Columbia – All the private and public primary and secondary schools, are granted permission to reopen for international students.

The list of post-secondary schools who made way to the approval list –

  • British Columbia Institute of Technology
  • Camosun College
  • Capilano University
  • Centre for Arts and Technology
  • Coast Mountain College
  • College of New Caledonia
  • College of the Rockies
  • Coquitlam College
  • Douglas College
  • Greystone College of Business and Technology
  • ILSC Language Schools – Vancouver Justice Institute of British Columbia
  • Kwantlen Polytechnic University
  • Langara College
  • North Island College
  • Northern Lights College
  • Okanagan College
  • Royal Roads University
  • Selkirk College
  • Thompson Rivers University
  • Trinity Western University
  • University Canada West
  • University of Northern British Columbia
  • University of Victoria
  • University of the Fraser Valley
  • Vancouver Community College
  • Vancouver Island University
  • Yorkville University

Manitoba – All the private and public primary and secondary schools are granted permission to reopen for international students.

The list of post-secondary schools that have made to the approval list –

  • Assiniboine Community College
  • Heartland International English School
  • International College of Manitoba
  • Manitoba Institute of Trades and Technology
  • Red River College
  • University of Manitoba

New Brunswick – All the private and public primary and secondary schools, are granted permission to reopen for international students.

The list of post-secondary schools that have made to the approval list –

  • Crandall University
  • Mount Allison University
  • New Brunswick Community College (NBCC)
  • St. Thomas University
  • University of New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador – Only post-secondary schools mentioned below have received approval to accept international students.

  • College of the North Atlantic
  • Memorial University of Newfoundland

Northwest Territories and Nova Scotia– The private and public primary and secondary schools are not approved to reopen for international students.

Ontario – Primary and secondary are not approved to reopen for international students.

The list of post-secondary schools who made way to the approval list –

  • Algoma University
  • Brock University
  • Centennial College
  • Loyalist College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Queen’s University
  • Seneca College
  • Trent University

Prince Edward Island – All the private and public primary and secondary schools, are granted permission to reopen for international students.

The list of post-secondary schools that have made to the approval list –

  • Holland College
  • Study Abroad Canada Language Institute
  • University of Prince Edward Island

Quebec – All the private and public primary and secondary schools, are granted permission to reopen for international students. All the post-secondary DLI’s that made way to the approval list can reopen for international students.

Saskatchewan – Only post-secondary schools mentioned below have received approval to accept international students –

  • Parkland College
  • Saskatchewan Polytechnic
  • University of Regina
  • University of Saskatchewan

Yukon – Only post-secondary schools mentioned below have received approval to accept international students –

  • Yukon University

More and more institutions would be added to the above list as they are approved and you can keep yourself updated on the IRCC website.

canada economy

How Canada has Rebounded its growth after Covid-19?

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The Canadian economy has increased considerably from May as the sectors are gradually opening in phases. Canada recorded a rebound in its growth as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rose by 4.5% in May. Statistics Canada, Canada’s data agency, predicted the GDP would increase by 5% in June. As May showed the rise in economic activities in Canada, there was an economic decline in March and April by 15% compared to February’s values. There was a 20% decline in economic values in the second quarter of 2020.

Among the 20 industrial sectors hampered due to Covid-19, 17 sectors posted an increase in May. The product manufacturing, as well as service industries, marked a rise in sales since May 2020.  According to Statistics Canada, the domestic product’s gross levels increased by 3 percent in the second quarter in July. In July, the economy rate decreased by 6% as compared to the economic rate in February.

The real estate sectors’ activities have seen a significant increase over three months consecutively as the properties’ resale activities continued to strengthen the urban market business above 20 percent in July compared to the pre-pandemic levels. There was an increase in the legal service sector, which also majorly supported the property marketing activity.

canada economy

The Accommodation and Food sector, which was affected majorly due to the COVID-19 restrictions, marked a three-month consecutive double-digit increase where the service sectors rose by 20.1 percent as businesses re-opened during the mid of second quarter with adjustments being conducted in the COVID-19 related restrictions.

According to Statistics Canada, prices in these sectors increased. From the eight major CPI components, five CPI components with a significant increase in the shelter and food costs contributed to the overall growth. Whereas the social and health care sector increased by 3.7 percent in July as all the frontline workers such as the diagnostic laboratories, dentists and doctors bounced back to fulfill their roles and responsibilities while taking all the necessary precautions when attending their patients.

Statistics Canada’s report says that 365,000 jobs were added in July, which recovered 1.6 million jobs in April, May, and June, or just over fifty percent of the 3 million lost in March and April. Statistics Canada predicts that it will take a year before all the sectors return to the pre-pandemic level. The figures below show Canada’s employment and unemployment statistics.

In September, employment growth increased by 378,000. According to Statistics Canada, higher employment was seen in food services and accommodation, manufacturing, and educational sectors, which supported the Canadian economy’s rise. The government of Canada launched a rescue program to help the people in the Covid-19 crises. Around 8.5 million people residing in Canada approached Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB), which allows the unemployed to claim CA $2,000 per 4 week period spanning six months.

Statistics Canada’s report says that 365,000 jobs were added in July, which recovered 1.6 million jobs in April, May, and June, or just over fifty percent of the 3 million lost in March and April. Statistics Canada predicts that it will take a year before all the sectors return to the pre-pandemic level. The figures below show Canada’s employment and unemployment statistics.

Source: Statistics Canada

When we talk about Canada immigration, Canada still observes a low birth rate and rapidly ageing population. This combination will make a difficult situation in Canada post-pandemic. Hence, focusing on immigration to increase the economic activity of the country is what the Canadian Government aims. The immigrants can work in any Canadian firm, and the ones

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