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Express Entry

You can get additional CRS points for having Canadian work experience.

A Comprehensive Guide on Canada’s Comprehensive Ranking System

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Thousands of prospective immigrants apply for Canadian permanent residence through Canada’s Express Entry System each year. This system assesses applicants in a variety of ways and summarizes their qualifications and eligibility using a special points calculator called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

You can get additional CRS points for having Canadian work experience.

Let’s examine this calculator in more detail and how you can maximize your points in each area.

What is the Comprehensive Ranking System?

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) assigns a score for each applicant applying through the Express Entry System. Canadian immigration services use this score to filter out the most desirable applications that fit with the country’s current immigration needs before offering them a chance to receive Canadian permanent residence.

What Does the Comprehensive Ranking System Assess?

The Comprehensive Ranking System gives applicants points in several areas. This includes:

  • Age
  • Level of Education
  • Language Proficiency
  • Work Experience

You should note that calculating your CRS points and getting a good score does not automatically make you eligible for permanent residence through the Express Entry System. Prospective applicants can get their eligibility in each Express Entry stream here.

Points by Age

The CRS offers up to 100 points for applicants with a spouse or common-law partner, and up to 110 points for applicants without a spouse or common-law partner. The points assigned for each age in either category are displayed in the following table.

Age

Applicants that have a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

17 years of age or younger

0

0

18 years

90

99

19 years

95

105

20 to 29 years

100

110

30 years

95

105

31 years

90

99

32 years

85

94

33 years

80

88

34 years

75

83

35 years

70

77

36 years

65

72

37 years

60

66

38 years

55

61

39 years

50

55

40 years

45

50

41 years

35

39

42 years

25

28

43 years

15

17

44 years

5

6

45 years or older

0

0

Points for Education

Applicants can also receive points depending on their education level. These points are outlined below:

Education Level

Applicants that have a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

High School or Less than secondary school

0

0

High school graduation

28

30

A one-year degree, or a diploma or certificate obtained from a university, college, technical or trade school, or any other similar institute

84

90

A two-year program studied at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

91

98

A Bachelor’s degree OR a three or longer program at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

112

120

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

119

128

A Master’s degree, or a professional degree required to practice in a licensed occupation such as medicine or law.

126

135

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

140

150

Points for Language

Applications receive points for their language proficiency in their first and second official language.

First Official Language

You can receive up to 32 points in this category with a spouse or a common-law partner and 34 points without either.

The points breakdown is as follows:

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) Level score for each ability

Applicants that have a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

Less than CLB 4

0

0

CLB 4 or 5

6

6

CLB 6

8

9

CLB 7

16

17

CLB 8

22

23

CLB 9

29

31

CLB 10 or more

32

34

Second Official Language

Applicants can also receive points for their proficiency in a second official language. The point breakdown is this category is as follows:

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level score for each ability

Applicants with a spouse or a common-law partner

Applicants without a spouse or a common-law partner

CLB 4 or less

0

0

CLB 5 or 6

1

1

CLB 7 or 8

3

3

CLB 9 or more

6

6

Points for Canadian Work Experience

Applicants can also receive points for Canadian work experience in an occupation recognized under the right National Occupation Classification (NOC). You can learn more about NOC here.

The points breakdown for Canadian work experience is as follows:

Canadian work experience

With a spouse or common-law partner

(Maximum 70 points)

Without a spouse or common-law partner

(Maximum 80 points)

None or less than a year

0

0

1 year

35

40

2 years

46

53

3 years

56

64

4 years

63

72

5 years or more

70

80

Points for Spouse’s Education

Applicants with a spouse can gain additional points in different categories. The points breakdown for a spouse or common-law partner’s education is as follows:

Level of education for a spouse or a common-law partner.

Points

High School or Less than secondary school

0

High school graduation

2

A one-year degree, or a diploma or certificate obtained from a university, college, technical or trade school, or any other similar institute

6

A two-year program studied at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

7

A Bachelor’s degree OR a three or longer program at a university, college, technical or trade school, or another similar institute

8

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

9

A Master’s degree, or a professional degree required to practice in a licensed occupation such as medicine or law.

10

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

10

Points for Spouse’s First Language

Applicants can also receive points for their spouse’s CLB score in their first official language. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level score per ability

Points

CLB 4 or less

0

CLB 5 or 6

1

CLB 7 or 8

3

CLB 9 or more

5

Points for Spouse’s Work Experience

Applicants can also receive points for their spouse’s Canadian work experience. The points breakdown in this category is as follows:

Canadian work experience for spouse or common-law partner

Points

None or less than a year

0

1 year

5

2 years

7

3 years

8

4 years

9

5 years or more

10

Points for Language Skills Transferability

Applicants can receive additional points if they possess a language proficiency of CLB 7 or higher and along with additional education. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Education level

Points for applicants with CLB 7 or higher but below CLB 9

Points for applicants with CLB 9 or higher on the four main abilities

High School or less than secondary school

0

0

A post-secondary program credential for a program that is one year or longer

13

25

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

25

50

Possessing a credential at the university master’s level or at a level that allows you to practice an occupation listed NOC Skill Level A that requires a provincial license.

25

50

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

25

50

Points for Work Skills Transferability

Applicants can also get additional points if they possess more than 1 year or more than 2 years of Canadian work experience in addition to education. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Education level

Points for applicants with 1 to 2 years of Canadian work experience

Points for applicants with 2 years or greater Canadian work experience

High School or less than secondary school

0

0

A post-secondary program credential for a program that is one year or longer

13

25

Possessing two or more degrees, diplomas, or certificates. One of these must be awarded for a program that is three years or longer in length.

25

50

Possessing a credential at the university master’s level or at a level that allows you to practice an occupation listed NOC Skill Level A that requires a provincial license.

25

50

A doctoral level university degree or Ph.D.

25

50

Points For Applicants With Foreign Work Experience Plus Good Language Proficiency

Applicants can receive additional points if they possess foreign work experience along with official language proficiency of CLB 7 or higher. The points breakdown in this category is as follows:

Years of Foreign Work Experience

Points for applicants with CLB 7 or higher but below CLB 9

Points for applicants with CLB 9 or higher on the four main abilities

0 years

0

0

1 to 2 years

13

25

3 years or more

25

50

Points For Foreign Work Experience Plus Canadian Work Experience

Applicants can receive additional points if they possess foreign work experience along with Canadian work experience. The points breakdown for this category is as follows:

Years of Foreign Work Experience

Points if Applicant Possesses Foreign Work Experience and 1 Year Canadian Work Experience

Points if Applicants Possesses Foreign Work Experience and 2 or more years Canadian Work Experience

0 years

0

0

1 to 2 years

13

25

3 years or more

25

50

Points for Certificate of Qualification Plus First Official Language Proficiency

Applicants who possess a certificate of qualification in a trade occupation and possess a language proficiency of CLB 5 or higher can receive additional points. The points breakdown in this category is as follows:

Applicant Possesses Certificate for Trade Occupation

Points for Certificate Plus CLB 5 to under CLB 7 for First Official Language

Points for Certificate Plus CLB 7 or Higher for First Official Language

Certificate for Trade Occupation

25

50

Points in Additional Areas

Applicants can receive points in a variety of additional areas. This includes:

  • 15 points if the applicant has a sibling that is a citizen or permanent resident residing in Canada.
  • 25 points if they scored NCLC 7 or greater on each of the four French skills while scoring CLB 4 or less on their English. Also applicable if they did not take an English test.
  • 50 points if they scored NCLC 7 or greater on each of the four French skills while scoring CLB 5 or higher in English.
  • 15 points for completing a one or two year post-secondary education credential in Canada.
  • 30 points for completing a three year or longer post-secondary education credential in Canada.
  • 200 points for having employment in NOC 00 arranged.
  • 50 points for having employment in NOC 0, A, or B arranged.
  • 600 points for getting a nomination from a province or a territory.

Calculate Your CRS Score

After reading the list above, it should be evident that the CRS relies on many different factors. You can calculate your CRS score easily by using our Express Entry Calculator tool.

A good CRS score increases your chances of receiving an invitation to apply.

Why Choose Elaar Immigration?

If you require assistance or guidance with your Express Entry application please get in touch with Elaar Immigration Consulting. We have assisted numerous prospective immigrants with their applications and can help you on your immigration journey.

The Express Entry System is for skilled workers

3 Things to Know Before Starting Your Express Entry Application

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Canada’s Express Entry Immigration program has been thriving since 2015. This program offers immigration opportunities for skilled workers looking to move to Canada. If you are interested in using this immigration route, you should know that completing an Express Entry Canada PR application is a multi-step process that requires plenty of preparation.

The Express Entry System is for skilled workers

 

This guide will help you learn about the various things you should know before starting your Express Entry application.

1.      Your Eligibility

Every applicant must meet certain eligibility criteria for Canadian immigration or a Canada Visa. Express Entry is no different in this regard. This program can be broken down into the following three streams:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program

  • Federal Skilled Trades Program

  • Canadian Experience Class

You can compare eligibility requirements for each program here. These programs typically require you to possess qualifications or experience in areas such as:

  • Language skills
  • Occupation type
  • Amount of work experience
  • Job offer status
  • Education

Language Skills

Applicants will be assessed on their language skills. This is based on a Canadian language standard called the Canadian language Benchmark and the scores you receive on the language test. For such tests, you will be assessed on your English or French writing, reading, listening, and speaking abilities.

Occupation Type

You will also be assessed on your occupation type. An applicant’s occupation typically falls under one of the categories outlined in the National Occupation Classification (NOC).

To apply through the Canadian Experience Class or the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you must have work experience in either NOC 0, A, or B

If you are a prospective immigrant applying through the Federal Skilled Trades Program, you will need to possess NOC B work experience.

Amount of Work Experience

The amount of work experience you require will also depend on the stream you are applying through.

For the Canadian Experience Class, you will need a minimum of one year of work experience in Canada over the past three years. This could be a combination of full-time or even part-time work.

For the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you will need one year of continuous work experience within the past ten years.

For the Federal Skilled Trades Program, you require two years of experience in the last five years.

Job Offer

You don’t need a job offer for the Canadian Experience Class or the Federal Skilled Worker Program. However, you can get extra points in the Federal Skilled Worker Program if you have a standing job offer.

You will need to possess a valid job offer for full-time employment that will last a minimum of 1 year to apply through the Federal Skilled Trades Program. Alternatively, you can meet this requirement by possessing a certificate of qualification in your skilled trade.

Education

You will also need to meet specific education requirements to apply through the Express Entry system. However, these requirements only apply to the Federal Skilled Worker program, which requires you to possess a secondary education at a minimum.

2.      Numbers and Codes Associated with Your Express Entry Profile

As mentioned earlier, applying through the Express Entry System is a multi-step process. During this process, you will receive various numbers and codes associated with your profile.

These are:

  • Personal Reference Code

  • Express Entry Profile Number

  • Job Seeker Validation Code

  • Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Score.

Each of the above numbers and codes serves a distinct purpose, so you should ensure you are familiar with each one.

Personal Reference Code

The personal reference code is a special alphanumeric code generated after applicants answer the various questions in the Come to Canada tool. This code typically resembles JM0987654321. This code is used to move your information from the Come to Canada tool to your immigration account.

Express Entry Profile Number

The Express Entry Profile Number is a code that Immigration, Refugees, Citizenship Canada (IRCC) sends you after you have successfully completed your profile and are a candidate in the Express Entry pool.

It would be best if you held onto this number as it will help you register with the job bank, find immigration opportunities in different provinces, and submit a new Express Entry Profile when your previous one expires.

Job Seeker Validation Code

The job seeker validation code is a numeric code that helps identify you in the job bank and is based on your Express Entry profile. You will receive it once you have submitted your Express Entry profile. It is needed for both the job bank and provinces that wish to nominate you.

Comprehensive Ranking System Score (CRS)

The Comprehensive Ranking System Score or CRS Score is a points-based system for assessing and scoring your profile. It helps IRCC rank you within the Express Entry Pool of candidates. It is based on several factors that can be found here.

3.      Information Validity

Your Express Entry application won’t be valid forever. Many of the forms and codes included in it also expire after a certain amount of time. The expiration time for each of these is shown below:

  • Come to Canada tool information: Expires 30 days after receiving your Personal Reference Code.
  • Incomplete Profile: Expires after 60 days from when you started it.
  • Submitted Profile without Job Bank Registration or Provincial Nomination: Expires after 30 days from Express Entry Submission Date.
  • Submitted Profile after Job Bank Registration or Provincial Nomination: Expires after one year.
  • Invitation to Apply: Expires 90 days from the time you receive it.

Why Choose Elaar Immigration Consulting?

As you can see, prospective immigrants should be aware of many things before starting their Express Entry application in 2021. The best way to learn about the Canadian immigration process’s ins and outs is to get in touch with reliable Canada Express Entry consultants such as Elaar Immigration Consulting. Our team of experts is led by Keshav Sharma, a regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant with extensive immigration and business management experience.

The information you enter in the Come to Canada tool will expire after a certain period.
Please contact us to learn the right way to apply through the Express Entry System.

 

FSTP vs FSWP

FSWP or FSTP – Which Canadian Immigration program is the best fit for you?

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The Federal Skilled Worker (FSWP) and the Federal Skilled Trades Programs (FSTP) are the two well-known immigration programs for Canada. Both the programs are a part of the Express Entry system along with the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

The two Canadian immigration programs, i.e. Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), may be confusing for most applicants who do not understand the similarities and differences between the two. This blog would help you understand both the programs closely and determine which one is the best fit for you.

FSTP vs FSWP

Individuals will, in general, combine these two programs. There is a difference in the eligibility criteria of the federal skilled worker (FSW) and that of the federal skilled trades (FST) program. The immigration procedure for preparing the two programs’ application is electronic and depends on a point-based system. As these programs are part of Express Entry, applicants who rank higher in the comprehensive ranking system (CRS) are issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canada PR.

For obtaining the Canada PR, one must qualify for the federal skilled worker points system. The federal skilled eligibility criteria include the applicant’s education, work experience, and language requirements.

Now some of you may ask what Express Entry Pool is? The applicants who are willing to move to Canada make an online profile. If they qualify for one of Canada’s immigration programs, they enter the Express Entry Pool.

In the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), an individual must have –

  • At least 12 months’ work experience in the last ten years.
  • Only paid work is considered, and voluntary or unpaid work is not considered.
  • The job has to belong to one of the NOC skill levels 0, A or B.

If you did an all-day work, it must be equivalent to 30 hours of the week for a year, equal to 1,560 hours consistently. If it was a part-time job, it should be 15 hours out of each week for two years, equivalent to 1,560 hours. If one qualifies these requirements, he/she would be able for the federal skilled worker points system.

Whereas, in Federal Skills Trade Program (FSTP), the necessities are referenced underneath –

  • You should plan to live anyplace in Canada except for Quebec.
  • You should meet the necessary level of language requirement either in English or French.
  • You should have two years of full time or equivalent measure of part-time experience in the five years before applying under Express Entry.
  • You should meet the job requirements as it is mentioned in NOC.
  • You should have a full-time employment offer for at least one year.

As a candidate, you must show that you precisely performed the responsibilities at your job, as mentioned in the National Occupation Classification (NOC) list. If you neglect to show the obligations and experience for the employment you did as it is mentioned in the NOC, your immigration application won’t be acknowledged.

Similarities – Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

  • Can apply under Express Entry System (If you meet all eligibility criteria).
  • Having an employment offer is not a must but will definitely increase your score and chances to rank high in the draw pool.
  • No age barrier (If you are aged more than 47, you do not earn CRS points).
  • Submit proof of funds (Can score extra for adaptability/how can you manage to settle in Canada).
  • Can apply to work and reside in the province (Expect Quebec as Quebec has its skilled worker program).

Differences – Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

Criteria FSWP FSTP
Language Skills  For the first language minimum level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) and Niveaux de Competence Linguistique Canadien (NCLC) is 7, whereas, for the second language, it should be Level 5. For first or second language, the minimum level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) should be Level 4 for Reading and Writing and level 5 for Speaking and Listening.
Education Certificate, Degree or Diploma from Canadian secondary or post-secondary institution; or Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) from a designated organization of your secondary or post-secondary institution (outside of Canada). No education requirements, but having one can improve your CRS score and rank in the Express Entry system pool (therefore, one needs to have an ECA).
Work Experience  Minimum of 1-year full-time, uninterrupted work experience in the last ten years under-skilled occupation skill level A or B or skill type 0; or Canadian job offer following the Labour Impact Assessment criteria Minimum of 2 years of full-time, uninterrupted work experience in the last ten years under one of the following groups:
• Major Group 72 – Electrical, construction, industrial trades
• Major Group 73: maintenance and equipment operation trades
• Major Group 82 – supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
• Major Group 92 – processing, manufacturing and utility supervisors and central control operators
• Minor Group 632 – chefs and cooks
• Minor Group 633 – butchers and bakers

If you need additional information about the Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Federal Skilled Trades Program or are willing to apply for it, you can connect with Elaar Immigration for all your Canada immigration necessities. Our group of committed and licensed Canada immigration consultants will guide you in the right direction as per your unique situation.

canada immigration

IRCC Issues New Guidelines for ‘Dual Intent’ for Overseas Spousal Sponsorship Applicants

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The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) declared its new guidelines for dual intent on 30th October 2020. The news was about dual intent program delivery instructions for partners and spouses who have applied or may apply for Canada PR as a sponsored partner or spouse. According to Canadian immigration law, dual intent refers to the foreign nationals who can seek temporary residence and permanent residence in Canada at the same time. The news explains what factors the immigration officers will undergo while accessing the sponsored spouses’ dual intent application. Dual intent is also applicable to the individuals who have applied for TRV.

Dual intent is available when an individual has applied or may apply for Canada PR. It also applies to enter Canada for a specific duration on a temporary visa as a student, visitor, or temporary worker.

canada immigration

More clear rules for dual intent will probably help many existing students, visitors, and temporary worker who is willing to make Canada their home by gaining Canada PR, especially given the way that numerous Canadian immigration programs (programs to obtain Canada PR) reward people who have a Canadian degree or work experience in Canada.

If the Canadian immigration official has concerns or questions about the candidate’s dual intent application, the official must make the candidate aware of these worries. After this, they can offer the candidate a chance to react to the worries. If temporary residence application is not approved, the official will furnish the candidate with a letter clarifying why the application is rejected.

In evaluating an application for temporary residence, immigration officials are told to consider different factors such as:

  • The total duration that an individual will spend in Canada;
  • Means of support;
  • Commitments and ties to the nation of origin;
  • The reason to stay in Canada;
  • The credibility and validity of documents, reports and data submitted;
  • Past consistence with prerequisites of the IRPA and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) that apply to temporary residents (students, visitors, and workers), and data accessible in biometric and biographic information sharing.

If the temporary resident candidates do not show that they have the aim of leaving Canada, and the official just considers their objective to reside in Canada by obtaining Canada PR, their application will not be approved. Regardless of whether the candidate may consequently fit for Canadian Experience Class (CEC) or a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). The purpose behind this, IRCC says, is because the candidate has not demonstrated that they would regard the terms of temporary residence, should they be not fit for obtaining Canada PR.

Canada immigration officials will utilize their judgment on applications with dual intent; however, the Global Case Management System notes should unmistakably exhibit the official’s thinking while applying. At the end of the day, if dual intent was considered a component of choice on the application, it should be written in the candidate’s file.

Having two purposes — one for temporary residence and one for permanent residence — is authentic. Canada’s IRCC states: “An aim by a foreign national to obtain Canada PR does not disqualify them from becoming a temporary resident if the Canadian immigration official is contented that they will leave Canada by the end of the period authorized for their stay.”

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