CIC NOC Code Canada

CIC NOC Code Canada

CIC NOC Code Canada

Overview: National Occupational Classification

The Government of Canada has developed a national system that describes occupations with a specific four-digit number. This system is known as the National Occupational Classification (NOC). It includes an organized structure classifying the occupations based on the categories of job. NOC categorizes a complete range of occupation activities in Canada to collect, analyze, and to distribute the data associated with the occupation for employment market information and job-related program management. This information is of crucial importance for the provision of the employment market and occupation intelligence, occupational forecasting, skills development, labour supply and demand analysis, employment equity, and various other programs and services. The Government of Canada updates the NOC list every after five years, and the last version came out in 2016. Like many other government departments and programs, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) also use the National Occupational Classification (NOC) platform to match the prospective immigrant’s occupations with the right immigration program. It also ensures that the applicant’s occupation and work experience qualify as per the NOC parameters.

Steps for finding National Occupational Classification

NOC gives a standardized way of defining and understanding the nature of employment for each occupation in Canada. Here are the steps for finding the NOC if one intends to use it.

STEP 1: Broad Occupational Category

NOC system classifies occupations depending on their broad occupational category and skill level. As stated earlier, NOC is a four-digit code that also represents a unit group that recognizes the occupation. The NOC 2016 update consists of 500 unit groups. The first digit and the second digit of NOC represents an essential feature of the job it signifies. Let us start with the first digit of NOC and its significance. The first digit signifies the broad occupational category. For instance, management-related jobs will start with digit 0, and the manufacturing jobs will start with digit 9. The ten general professional categories (0-9 digits) represent the first digit in the NOC code.

MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONS
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
0 Senior management occupations
01 – 05 Specialized middle management occupations
6 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services
07 – 09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities
BUSINESS, FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION OCCUPATION
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
11 Professional occupations in business and finance
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations
14 Office support occupations
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
NATURAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences
HEALTH OCCUPATIONS
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
30 Professional occupations in nursing
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing)
32 Technical occupations in health
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services
OCCUPATIONS IN EDUCATION, LAW AND SOCIAL, COMMUNITY AND GOVERNMENT SERVICES
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
40 Professional occupations in education services
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations
OCCUPATIONS IN ART, CULTURE, RECREATION AND SPORT
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
51 Professional occupations in art and culture
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations
64 Sales representatives and salespersons – wholesale and retail trade
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations
66 Sales support occupations
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c.
TRADES, TRANSPORT AND EQUIPMENT OPERATORS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations
NATURAL RESOURCES, AGRICULTURE AND RELATED PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers
OCCUPATIONS IN MANUFACTURING AND UTILITIES
CODE MAJOR GROUP TITLE
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers
95 Assemblers in manufacturing
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities

The above table clearly shows how different occupations are distinguished depending on the work domain, which is referred to as a “broad occupational category.”

Skill Level

The skill level in NOC corresponds to the category and/or the amount of education or training, which is usually necessary to work in an occupation. The second digit in the NOC code refers to a total of four skill levels, i.e. A, B, C and D. Each of the skill levels from A to D has been assigned with two digits from 0 to 7. For example, when the second digit of NOC code points out to be 0 or a 1, then that occupation is considered skill level A.

The table explains the connections of A, B, C and D with the digits 0 to 7.

Skill Level (Alpha) Skill Level (Numerical digit) Nature of training/education
A – Skill level doesn’t apply for management related occupations 0 or 1 University degree at the –

  • Bachelor’s level
  • Master’s Level
  • Doctorate Level
B – Professions typically need college education, specialized training or apprenticeship training 2 or 3 Two or three years of post-secondary education at community college, technological institute, or CEGEP
OR
Two to five years of apprenticeship training
OR
Three to four years of secondary school and more than two years of on the job training, specialised training courses or specific work experience.Professions with supervisory duties and professions with significant health and safety duties, such as police officers, fire-fighters, and registered nursing assistants are all assigned skill level B.
C – Professions generally need secondary school and/or profession-specific training 4 or 5 Some secondary school education with two years of on the job training, training courses or specific job experience
D – This requires on the job training which is generally provided for occupations 6 or 7 Short work-related demonstration or on the job training
OR
No formal education required

Find Your NOC

STEP 2: Arrangement of National Occupational Classification

  • NOC Structure: As stated above, the first digit in NOC signifies the broad occupational category, which is classified into ten groups. Every number in NOC follows the first digit to structure the four-digit NOC code, which gives the exact nature of the associated occupation. Let us focus on the minor groups and major groups. The major groups account for the first digit and second digit in the NOC. Whereas the minor group includes the first three digits of the NOC code and finally the unit group.
  • Major Groups: Major groups follow the broadest categorization of occupations and are represented by the first and the second digit of the NOC code. It is a roll-up or a combination of minor groups. In the 2016 NOC update, there are a total of 40 major groups.
  • Minor Groups: The major groups are further classified in 140 minor groups at the three-digit level. For example, major group 62, which consist of retail sales supervisor and specialized sales professions, includes three minor groups:
    • 621 – Retail sales supervisors
    • 622 – Technical sales specialists in wholesale trade and retail and wholesale consumers
    • 623 – Insurance, real estate and financial sales professions

Hence, each number in the NOC code specifies an occupation in depth.

  • Unit Groups: The detailed four-digit level expands the system further into 500 occupation groups recognized as unit groups in which each has a unique code. This group signifies further specification of the professional domain. For example, the minor group 623, which is insurance, real estate and financial sales professions include three unit groups:
    • 6231- Insurance agents and brokers
    • 6232 – Real estate agents and salespersons
    • 6235 – Financial sales representatives

NOTE: Usually, the 4-digit unit group codes are listed consecutively without any gaps, but here you can see that is not the case. It shows that there would have been some fusion or relocation of unit groups in the revision process.

Find Your NOC

STEP 3: Description of the occupation in the National Occupational Classification

The professional description helps an individual to understand an occupation by using a standardized language. There is an occupational description for each of the 500 unit groups in the NOC. Each description includes the following features:

Lead statement: This section focuses on an overall summary of the content and limitations of the unit group, which specifies the key responsibilities of the occupations mentioned within the unit group. It also points out the various types of industries or sectors where these occupations can be found. The list of places of occupation is not always comprehensive. Still, it can help to describe the jobs mentioned and to differentiate them from the jobs found in other groups.

Example titles: The example titles are the titles of the job included within a group. These titles focus on illustrating the contents and range of the occupation group. This extracted list is part of a more expansive list of alphabetic employment titles, which is in the NOC table of headings.

Inclusions: This section includes a list of borderline employment titles belonging to a specific unit group of NOC.

Main duties: This section defines the most critical responsibilities and functions of the occupation in the group. It may include:

  • A list of statements which can be useful for every job in the group
  • Two or more subcategories of occupations with statements that apply to each subcategory or component
  • A sequence of brief comments that are related to specific occupations, which, while similar enough to be in the same group, can be described separately.

Employment requirement: This section gives the prerequisites which are needed while entering a profession. Different types of duties are listed, such as:

  • Level and type of education, comprising exact subject matter if applicable, starting with    the lowest possible requirement for admission into the profession;
  • Specific teachings required which include an internship, on the job, or internal training;
  • Experience in a related profession specifically for managerial or supervisory occupations;
  • Certificates, affiliations, or licenses;
  • Other requirements that do not depend on formal education, such as creative talent, athletic abilities or presenting a portfolio.
  • Not every occupation is very stringent on the requirements, so the terminologies used to indicate the level of the requirement is:
  • “Is required” indicates it is a definite requirement
  • “Is usually required” indicates that the qualification is usually expressed as required by the majority of the organizations but may not always be mandatory.
  • “Maybe required” indicates that few organizations might impose, but are not universal.

Exclusions: This section helps an individual to clarify the limitations of the unit group by categorizing similar groups or related professions, such as supervisory groups, that are separately classified.

Index of titles: It used as a tool. It is for searching the jobs along with those which appear in the occupational descriptions.

You are now ready to find your NOC code and everything related to your occupation using these three essential steps. If you are still struggling to understand major, minor or unit groups then touch base with our experts at Elaar Immigration who will not only assist you with this process but also your journey of immigrating to Canada.